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Cee Thread Programming

Critical Section

윈도우 유저레벨 동기화 방법. 가장 사용이 간단하다.

VS.NET Example

MSDN 에서 대부분 예제를 가져다가 작동하게 만들었습니다. VS.NET 이상에서 작동합니다. VS6.0에서 성공하신 분 있으면 알려주세요.
~cpp
// crt_begthrdex.cpp
//http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vclib/html/_crt__beginthread.2c_._beginthreadex.asp

// compile with: /MT
#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <process.h>

unsigned Counter; 
CRITICAL_SECTION cs; 
//http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/dllproc/base/overlapped_str.asp

unsigned __stdcall ThreadedFunction( void* pArguments )
{
    printf( "In second thread...n" );

	while ( Counter < 100 ){
		EnterCriticalSection(&cs);
		printf( "Thread ID %d => %dn", pArguments, Counter);
		Counter++;
		LeaveCriticalSection(&cs);
	}

    _endthreadex( 0 );
    return 0;
} 

int main()
{ 
    HANDLE hThread, hThread2;
    unsigned threadID = 1;
	unsigned threadID2 = 2;

    printf( "Creating second thread...n" );

    // Create the second thread.
    hThread = (HANDLE)_beginthreadex( NULL, 0, &ThreadedFunction, NULL, 0, &threadID );
	hThread2 = (HANDLE)_beginthreadex( NULL, 0, &ThreadedFunction, NULL, 0, &threadID2 );

	InitializeCriticalSection(&cs);

    // Wait until second thread terminates. If you comment out the line
    // below, Counter will not be correct because the thread has not
    // terminated, and Counter most likely has not been incremented to
    // 1000000 yet.
    //WaitForSingleObject( hThread, INFINITE );
    //printf( "Counter should be 1000000; it is-> %dn", Counter );

	system("pause");
    // Destroy the thread object.
    CloseHandle( hThread );
	CloseHandle( hThread2 );
	DeleteCriticalSection(&cs);
	return 0;
}

VS.NET에서도 함수이름을 인식하지 못하는 경우 프로젝트 세팅에서 MFC라이브러리를 사용하도록 해보세요.

Linux pthread

~cpp
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <pthread.h>

void *print_message_function( void *ptr );
int count= 0;
pthread_mutex_t mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
main()
{
pthread_t thread1, thread2;
char *message1 = "Thread 1";
char *message2 = "Thread 2";
int  iret1, iret2;

/* Create independent threads each of which will execute function */

iret1 = pthread_create( &thread1, NULL, print_message_function, (voi        d*) message1);
iret2 = pthread_create( &thread2, NULL, print_message_function, (voi        d*) message2);

/* Wait till threads are complete before main continues. Unless we  */
/* wait we run the risk of executing an exit which will terminate   */
/* the process and all threads before the threads have completed.   */

pthread_join( thread1, NULL);
pthread_join( thread2, NULL);

printf("Thread 1 returns: %d\n",iret1);
printf("Thread 2 returns: %d\n",iret2);
exit(0);
}

void *print_message_function( void *ptr )
{
char *message;
message = (char *) ptr;
while( count < 100000 )
{
pthread_mutex_lock( &mutex );
count++;
pthread_mutex_unlock( &mutex );
printf("%s: %d \n", message, count);
}
}
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